Egypt's Pyramid

Have scientists cracked the key mystery surrounding the wonders of the ancient world with Egypt’s Pyramids?

Scientists believe that they have found the answer to one of the most complex mysteries of the construction of the pyramids of Egypt: how the 31 tallest buildings, including the pyramids of Giza, were built four thousand years ago.

A research team from the University of North Carolina, Wilmington, USA, has discovered that the Egyptian pyramids were probably built along an ancient branch of the Nile River that is now hidden under sand and agricultural land.

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Have scientists cracked the key mystery surrounding the wonders of the ancient world with Egypt's Pyramids? 4

For many years, archaeologists believed that the ancient Egyptians must have transported the huge stones used in the construction of the pyramids to this site through a nearby water channel.

“Until now, no one knew anything with certainty about the location, shape, size, and proximity of this possible water passageway,” says Professor Iman Ghunim, one of the authors of the recent study.

To find out the answer to this question, a group of researchers examined the stones with the help of radar satellite images, historical maps, and geographical survey reports. Archaeologists use a technique known as “sediment coring” to gather evidence from samples.

The research’s goal was to locate a branch of the Nile that, according to the researchers, vanished thousands of years ago due to sandstorms following a famine.

A research report in the journal Nature claims that the team of researchers used radar technology to penetrate deep into the sand’s surface and capture images of the hidden places.

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Have scientists cracked the key mystery surrounding the wonders of the ancient world with Egypt's Pyramids? 5

Professor Iman says that these images revealed that the site where most of the pyramids are located has rivers buried beneath the surface, as well as ancient structures.

The aim of the study was to trace a branch of the Nile that, according to the researchers, disappeared after a famine thousands of years ago, buried in sandstorms.

Dr. Suzanne Oinstein, who took part in the same research, told the BBC: ‘Finding a branch of the river and getting data to show that there was a watercourse that used weighted stone blocks. Including materials, labor, and anything else that could have been brought in, it was very helpful for us to understand how the pyramids would have been built.

The team found that this branch of the Nile, called the Pyramids, was about 64 kilometers long and 200 to 700 meters wide. It traversed 31 pyramids constructed between 4700 and 3700 years ago.

The discovery of this buried river explains why there are so many pyramids at this particular location in what is now a part of the Sahara desert with few signs of life left.

The research paper mentions the flow of this river branch during the construction of the Egyptian pyramids.

According to Dr. Einstein, the Egyptians could use the power of the river to move much heavier stones with less work than using people to carry them. Note that ancient Egyptians still regarded the Nile River as the source of life.

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